Benefits of Percentage of Completion Method for Accounting Construction

percentage of completion method

We calculate this by subtracting the total estimated contract costs from the total estimated contract revenues for the project. The total percentage of costs that have been incurred is the percentage of completion for the project.

As discussed above, an M&A transaction or reorganization may involve a transfer of a long-term contract prior to its completion. When a mid-contract transfer occurs as a result of an M&A transaction, Seller and Buyer’s tax consequences depend on whether such transaction was a fully taxable asset transaction or non-taxable/ deferred tax transaction. Under the TCJA, for tax years beginning in 2017 and beyond, construction firms with average annual gross receipts of $25 million or less won’t be required to use the PCM for contracts expected to be completed within two years. Before the TCJA, the gross receipts test limit for the small construction contract exception was $10 million. Which of the following is most important in making a short-term special decision? The is mainly used in construction project accounting as it attaches revenues and expenses to the portion of the project completed.

Recapping ASC 606 Transfer of Control

The percentage of completion method is an accounting method in which the revenues and expenses of long-term contracts are recognized as a percentage of the work completed during the period. This is in contrast to the completed contract method, which defers the reporting of income and expenses until a project is completed. The percentage-of-completion method of accounting is common for the construction industry, but companies in other sectors also use the method. The percentage of completion method is a revenue recognition accounting concept that evaluates how to realize revenue periodically over a long-term project or contract. Revenue, expenses, and gross profit are recognized each period based on the percentage of work completed or costs incurred. In addition to reporting income earlier under the percentage of completion method than under the completed contract method, the PCM can affect your balance sheet.

Then multiply the percentage calculated by the total project revenue to compute revenue for the period. Then derive the construction income by subtracting the cost from the period revenue. To determine how much revenue to record during a time period, you begin by dividing the expenses you have incurred from the beginning of the period until now by the total estimated expenses for the contract. This gives you the percentage of the work that has been completed during the period. Once you have calculated the percentage of work completed in the period, you then divide that by the total value of the contract to arrive at the amount of revenue you should recognize. There is a tendency for the percentage of completion method to be misused or abused by companies or contractors.

Cost-To-Cost Approach

Accounting method refers to the rules a company follows in reporting revenues and expenses in accrual accounting and cash accounting. There are two main conditions for the use of the percentage of completion method. First, collections by the company must be reasonably assured; second, the company must be able to reasonably estimate costs and the rate of project completion. The information contained herein is general in nature and based on authorities that are subject to change. RSM US LLP guarantees neither the accuracy nor completeness of any information and is not responsible for any errors or omissions, or for results obtained by others as a result of reliance upon such information. RSM US LLP assumes no obligation to inform the reader of any changes in tax laws or other factors that could affect information contained herein. This publication does not, and is not intended to, provide legal, tax or accounting advice, and readers should consult their tax advisors concerning the application of tax laws to their particular situations.

  • The ability to create dependable contract estimates may be impaired when there are conditions present that are not normally encountered in the estimating process.
  • The most significant disadvantage that the method has is that the revenue recognized through this method is an estimate and is subject to uncertainties and biases.
  • Some companies that were required to use the percentage of completion method under prior tax law may qualify for an exception that was expanded by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act .
  • The percentage of completion method has been misused by some companies to boost short-term results.
  • The completed-contract method is rare but can be useful when the percentage-of-completion method is not applicable.
  • With that said, the PCM regulations do address payments made by the Buyer to Seller and attributed to a contract.
  • Regardless of the accounting method your construction business is using, it’s important to take steps to secure your payments on every project.

The first reason is that it tends to be a more accurate representation of the revenue earned. If the project is forecast to span multiple accounting periods, then recording the entirety of the revenue in a period long after most of the work was done can paint a less precise picture of the company’s financial health than if the PoC method were used.


This contract is lo last for more than 12 months and the construction company also billed the company for the project. Once the project commences, Agency XYZ uses the percentage of completion accounting method to report the costs and revenue of the contract stage by stage. The reports will be categorized as ‘contract work in progress’ report and this would be done throughout the stages of the project. To calculate the percentage of completion for a project, there are three indicators contractors can use. The most common is costs incurred to date, but they can also use units completed or labor hours. The percentage of completion method falls in line with IFRS 15, which indicates that revenue from performance obligations recognized over a period of time should be based on the percentage of completion. The method recognizes revenues and expenses in proportion to the completeness of the contracted project.

PDF SOLUTIONS INC Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (form 10-Q) –

PDF SOLUTIONS INC Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (form 10-Q).

Posted: Thu, 10 Nov 2022 08:00:00 GMT [source]

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